Communauté de Communes du Mené, France

Pontrieux, Le Mené, France

  • Target: 100% Renewable Energy by 2030
  • Status: In progress
  • RES: Biomass and biogas energy.
  • Implementation: The Communauté de Communes du Mené is composed of 7 villages in Mené, located in the Côtes d'Armor region in Brittany, France. Due to the abundance in  agricultural resources and the need to boost their local economy, they decided to embark on a plan to achieve 100% renewable based on local energy, by 2030. It all began in  the early 2000's when local farmers began to seriously worry about their impact on the environment and local economic development. To tackle this challenge, they first set themselves an interim target of becoming zero net energy--that is producing as much energy as it consumes--for heating and electricity by 2012. Since then, several milestones has been reached. In 2007, a facility that produces rapeseed oil and diesel for tractors was opened in Saint Gouéno . The plant also makes cattle cake that is used by local dairy farmers (which eliminated the need to import soy cattle cake from Brazil). In two other Communes in Mené, locally grown wood was sourced to generate heating for 4500 square meters of buildings, which soon replaced 300 tonnes of petroleum based heating oil. Heating systems will also add wood from a plantation irrigated by waste water from Géotexia, a new biogas plant. Work is underway on a 25 MW wind farm, and 35 new zero-energy residential buildings are being developed.
  • Population: 6 453 (2012)
  • Area: 163,23 km²
  • Link: https://www.mene.fr/environnement-developpement-durable/les-energies/
Pontrieux, Le Mené, France

Le Thouarsais, France

Chateau des ducs de La Tremoille, Thouars, France

  • Target: 100% RE
  • Status: In progress
  • RES: Wind power and biogas.
  • Implementation: Le Thouarsais is a group of 33 communes, located in the Poitou-Charente region of France. Its core city is Thouars. Commited to fight against climate change, the Thouarsais territory aims to make renewable energy the vector of economic growth and social development in the area. In 2001, it implemented the framework "Conseil en Energie Portage". By 2007, the Local Climate initiatives contract enabled local authorities and stakeholders to be involved in the transition process, alongside the Ademe (French national energy agency) and the Poitou-Charentes Region. They would work together to: (1) reduce greenhouse gas emissions before 2050 and (2) become a positive energy territory. To date, the number of renewable energy projects in the region is multiplying, from the centralized methanization unit “TIPER” (3 MW) involving around 50 farmers, to a 36 MW wind park.
  • Population: 36, 176 (2013)
  • Area: 620 km²
Chateau des ducs de La Tremoille, Thouars, France
  • Chateau des ducs de La Tremoille Thouars © Sevrein CC BY-SA 3.0

Perpignan, France

Perpignan, France

  • Target: "Energy positive" city by 2015
  • Status: In progress
  • RES: Wind turbines, solar farm and rooftop solar PV
  • Implementation: Perpignan is a city and commune located in France near the Spanish border. In 2008, the City of Perpignan and the Perpignan Méditerranée Communauté d'Agglomération, a collection of 36 towns in the region, signed an agreement to make Perpignan an "energy positive" city by 2015 - that is, a city that generates more electricity with renewable sources than the citizens consume. Named the first Grenelle 2015 Agreement, it set out a vision to modify the city's approach to urban development by engaging in energy efficient housing, sustainable transportation, organic agriculture, local food production, air/water resource conservation, and environmental protection. The agreement also aims to ensure that each town maintains its identity, individuality, traditions and way of life, while the above measures are carried out. Part of the strategy is to make the people of the region "eco-citizens" by sharing information, developing school programs, and engaging the business community, etc. Specifically, the plan aims to generate 440,000 euros per year to cover residential needs with an investment of about 500 million euros, with a return on investment of between 10 and 15 years.

    In relation to the energy target, the plan includes a wind development zone for 41 wind turbines with a generating capacity of 294,000 MWh a year, which could cover 67% of the region's  electricity needs. The plan also aims to generate 48,000 MWh annually from rooftop solar photovoltaic installations on public buildings. Solar PV on private buildings covering around 120,000 square meters of roof space is envisioned, thereby providing 10% of the involved community's electricity demand.  To help support this goal, CEMOI, a leading producer and exporter of French chocolate, has invested in a solar production facility. Additionally, a solar park of approximately 100 hectares (over a third of a square mile) is to generate 42,000 MWh per year.
  • Population: 118,238 (2013)
  • Area: 68.07 km2 (26.28 sq mi)
  • Link: https://www.perpignanmediterraneemetropole.fr/single-post/2016/08/31/EnR
Perpignan, France

Réunion, France

Reunion

  • Target: 100% renewable electricity by 2030.
  • Status: In progress - Renewable energy represents 13% of the primary energy consumption.
  • RES: Main sources of electricity generation are hydropower, photovoltaics and biomass (bagasse). Photovoltaic energy represents 8% of the production. From 2011 and 2015 solar parks increased in 44%. Trials for solar micro-grids with storage capacity for areas within the island that are very difficult to access.
  • Implementation: Multiyear program for energy (Projet de programmation pluriannuelle de l’énergie), which has a legal precedent on the Energy Transition Act for Green Growth (Loi sur la Transition Energétique por la Croissance verse) forms the basis of target. The project is being implemented by the EDF Group.
  • Population: 866,506
  • Area: 2,511 km²
  • Link: https://www.theclimategroup.org/partner/region-la-reunion

 

Reunion

Saint-Julien-Montdenis, France

Saint-Julien-Mont-Denis, France

  • Target: 100% renewable energy
  • Status: Achieved
  • RES: A 2 MW hydro plant, several medium photovoltaic plants, and small localised solar thermal panels and wood heating systems.
  • Implementation: The mayor of Saint-Julien-Montdenis Marc Tournabien was elected in 2008, and promptly turned towards implementing several renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. The municipality decided to join forces with the  local utility to take action. Located in a mountain ski region, the deployment of new energy technologies has been readily embraced by citizens of this small village. In the last few years, the town has installed a 2 MW hydro plant and several medium photovoltaic plants. The local production exceeds the total electricity needs of the village by 150%. This has enabled the municipality to export energy to the regional association of towns Cœur de Maurienne which is now supplied with electricity from only renewable sources of energy. The current challenge is to tackle local electricity dispatching. Two projects are on-going: smart metering combined with load management and decentralised storage on batteries associated to PV units. Implementation was achieved due to the available competences that were made available, through the public-private territorial utility of SOREA. SOREA was created in 2007 which gathered small existing municipal utilities to develop hydro and solar projects. It was highly advantageous that the mayor of Saint-Julien-Montdenis is a member of its board, while its headquarters, a smart building at passive house standard, is also located in the village.
  • Population: 1,632 (2014)
  • Area: 33.04 km2 (12.76 sq mi)
  • Link: (In French) http://www.sorea-maurienne.fr/notre-societe-nos-missions.html
Saint-Julien-Mont-Denis, France